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Codex Alimentarius Commission
A joint commission of the UN 'Food and Agriculture Organisation' (FAO) and the 'World Health Organisation (WHO) that sets food safety and agricultural trade standards. It's been meeting since 1962 to set food standards for its 52 member nations.
The standards it sets aren"t binding on any country, but they do attempt to keep food products in international commerce consistent with safety standards, and to maintain a certain uniformity of essentially properties in such foods.
It's particularly active, as more and more third world countries supply the more developed nations with processed food.
Progress is slow, for example, at the time of writing (July 2003) they haven't yet set a maximum level at which food can be irradiated.