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Cook, Captain James (1728-1779)
An important English naval explorer, who surveyed the St. Lawrence, Tahiti, New Zealand and Australia. For culinary purposes he had to tackle the problems of scurvy (a disease caused by the lack of vitamin C which is contained in fresh vegetable, fruit and milk - which often led to death, before its causes were discovered).
He followed the lead of the Dutch, by carrying sauerkraut in his ships as an antiscorbutic, this nutritional deficiency disease for centuries proved as effective a barrier to sea exploration as gravity was to space exploraton.
See "Scurvy"; "Taboo"; "Verjus"; 'Winter Rash"