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Crab apple (malus sylvestris)
The original European wild apple, with small, very sour, fruits with shiny red or yellow skin and firm flesh. This species was a development of a wild species (malus orientalis) introduced by Alexander the Great from the Caucasus. Remains of crab apple trees have been found at Jericho in the Jordan Valley, and have been dated back to about 6500BC.
Nowadays, its main culinary use is the making of crab apple jelly. See 'Apples'