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Annatto (Bixa orellana)
Annatto (Bixa orellana): An American/West Indian tree with red seeds that are crushed and used for colouring foods; in Britain it is most commonly found in cheese. It has a slightly peppery taste and can be used to flavour (and colour) oils, or in casseroles.
In Mexico, the seeds are often called 'achiote seeds' and are made into a paste (or bought as little 'bricks' with the texture of beef stock cubes). They are then a popular flavouring/colouring and added to meat and fish dishes. Achiote paste is available from Latin American specialist shops. It sometimes goes under the names of Achiote, Annotta or Arnotta.