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Fahlberg, Dr. Constantin
A German chemist, who during the 1880"s, while working at John Hopkins University in Baltimore (U.S.A.) discovered saccharin (C6H4COSO2NH); which is 500 times sweeter in a dilute solution of water than sugar, and 300 times sweeter than sucrose.
Evidently while he removed a shred of tobacco from his tongue on day, he found his fingers tasted extraordinarily sweet. He rushed back to his laboratory, examined the chemicals, and found what had produced the sweetness.
A similar accident happened when Michael Sveda discovered Sodium Cyclamate nearly fifty years later. See "Sveda, Michael"; "Sodium Cyclamate"; "Sugar"