« back to encyclopedia search results
The structure that develops from the carpel of a flower and encloses one or more seeds. Its function is to protect the seeds during their development and to aid in their dispersal.
The word comes from the Latin 'frui' - to enjoy.
Fruits are often colourful, particularly when ripe, to attract birds to eat them, and so spread their seeds.
Many are edible, sweet and juicy. They provide vitamins and minerals, but little protein.
Simple fruits, such as peaches, come from a single ovary, whereas composite or multiple fruits (for example raspberries) are formed from the ovaries of a number of flowers. See 'Pistil'
If you enjoy cooking take a minute to look at ‘Simon Scrutton French Cookery Classes’ on Google – and learn how to make top class bistro-style dishes. Suitable for beginners upwards. Small classes.