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Haricot bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris)
The generic name for a family of beans originating in South America. They can be eaten with their pods, when they are young fresh and green (when we know them as French beans), or allowed to fully mature when just the seeds are kept and dried for future use. Dried, 'Cranberry'; 'Flageolet' and 'Mexican black beans' are all varieties, and they are then the main ingredient in baked beans, and several cassoulet-type dishes. See 'Baked beans'