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Herring (clupea harengus)
A small salt water fish of the clupeidae family, growing up to 40cm in length, but 25 cm is a more common length. Herrings used to be found in large quantities off the shores of North East Europe and the east coast of the U.S.A., but over-fishing has seriously reduced its numbers; the North Sea herring catch halved from the early 1950"s to late 1960"s. Herring"s swim in shoals, close to the surface. They are excellent lightly fried when fresh (perhaps coated in oatmeal); and as the flesh is relatively fat the fillets are good pickled and are also smoked to various degrees. See 'Bismark herrings'; 'Bloaters'; 'Buckling'; 'Kippers'; 'Red Herrings'; 'Rollmops'; 'Soused herrings '