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Fossilised gum from conifer trees of the Middle Tertiary period. It varies from red to yellow in colour and is often washed-up on the coast of East Anglia.
True amber, as opposed to Ambergris (see below) can easily be detected, as it floats in a solution of sea water.
Amber was also much prized by the Arabs as an aphrodisiac, and in a powdered form used as an additive to sweet dishes.