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Mushrooms - Cultivated Types
Small buttons: as the name implies, these are small, firm, 'baby' white mushrooms with a delicate flavour, and can be used whole, sliced or quartered, Their white flesh doesn't discolour sauces and they can be used raw in salads.
Closed cups: these are more mature, larger versions of buttons, with rounded caps with the pink gills still just covered with a white skin. They're very versatile and can be used in place of buttons and flats in many recipes.
Large open/Flats: these are fully mature, wide-open mushrooms which have a rich flavour and darker colour. They are best for grilling and frying, and can be cooked whole or sliced. For 'real' mushroom flavour, say in soups/sauces etc. they are the ones to buy.