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While oysters were collected by the Ancient Greeks, as they found them, however, the Romans as early as 100BC established oyster beds to safeguard a reliable source of supply.
They cultivated oysters at what is now Taranto and in salt ponds around Baiae (near Naples).
This was the first instance in history of men farming the seas. Considering fish farming is a fairly modern concept, the Roman cultivation of oysters in East Anglian estuaries (based on natural beds they had found) was far ahead of its time.