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Beer; Basic modern types
Lager: Light highly-carbonated beer; the name coming from the German lagern (meaning to store) - as the brew is rested before bottling until all the sediment has cleared. Most American beers are of this type.
Ale: the traditional type of beer brewed in Britain. In times past, this would have been brewed without hops in the north of the country, but they were a major flavouring further south. Some form of hop flavourings are now used throughout.
Stout: a dark, heavy ale; popular in Britain and Ireland. This can be sweet like Mackesons, or bitter like Guinness; both are heavily-flavoured with hops.
Porter: this is similar to stout, but not so strong, reputedly named because it was popular with London porters. See 'Beer'; 'Beer,Medicinal Effects'