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Parsley (petroselinum crispum)
A very popular mild green herb with aromatic leaves and stalks.
There are three forms:
2. flat-leaf parsley - see photograph
3.Hamburg parsley, in which the swollen root is used as well as the flat leaves.
Parsley was known to the ancient Greeks, two varieties being mentioned by Theophrastus, writing in about 320 BC. Although introduced by the Romans into Britain during their occupation, it disappeared with their departure, and didn"t reappear until 1548, when it reached Britain again, apparently by way of Sardinia.
Curly-leafed varieties became popular during Victorian times, as some forms of wild plants, resembling flat-leafed parsley, are poisonous - and cultivating curly-leafed types overcame this problem.
Chewing parsley has the reputation of reducing the smell of garlic on the breath.