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Pistachio nut (Pistacia Vera)
Grown from Afghanistan to the Mediterranean and in the U.S.A. They have been popular since Roman and Greek times (although strangely enough they only seem to be grown in the Saronic Gulf, south of Athens). When roasted or quickly blanched, they develop an attractive green colour, which has long been popular in French charcuterie, Middle-Eastern pastries and for the flavouring/colouring of ice cream.