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Tangerine (Citrus Reticulata)
A small loose-skinned citrus fruit originating in China and the area around the Philippines. They are called tangerines because when they first arrived in Europe they did so by way of Tangier, in Morocco. Fruits grow on a small, spiny, evergreen tree. Varieties include calamondin, clementines, mandarins and satsumas (the latter generally being seedless. Various crosses have produced the tangelo (which is a cross between C. reticulata and C. paradisi. The tangerine has more resistance to cold than the orange, so can be grown a little further north in some countries - China, Japan and Spain for example. The fruit from all varieties can be used in the same way as an orange, but the tiny segments also make good crystallised fruits. See 'Ortanique'; 'Citrus fruit'