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Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Alternefolia)
The Tea Tree is native to Australia, and its cultivated for its valuable oil, which is extracted from the leaves by steam distillation.
The oil has been found to be an effective antiseptic, with strong germicidal and fungicidal actions. The Australian aboriginals bathed in the healing waters of swampy areas in which the tea tree grew. They also used the crushed leaves of the plant on infected wounds.
Scientific research supports this evidence, although not all the compounds of the plant have been identified; although one ingredient 'terpine 4-ol' has long been recognised as being therapeutic.