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Turkey (Meleagris gallopava)
Turkey (Meleagris Gallopava): A large bird, native to North America, and introduced to Europe in the 16th century. Modern turkeys have been developed from these early birds, and now have a much higher ratio of meat to bone than would have been recognized by our ancestors.
An intact male is called a tom; and an adult female a hen; a newly hatched bird is a chick; and a juvenile a poult.
The 'Bronze' and 'Black' breeds have been reared in Britain to have broader breasts - so much so, that they find it difficult to breed, and are often produced by artificial insemination under commercial conditions. However, they have tighter meat, which also has more flavour than that of the more common (and often factory-reared) 'White' variety. For more information contact The British Turkey Information Service, Field House, 8 High Street, Hurstpierpoint, West Sussex, BN6 9TY. Tel: 0800-783 9994. www.britishturkey.co.uk ("http://www.britishturkey.co.uk/")