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Turnip (Brassica Rapa)
A form of brassica from which swedes, oil-seed rape and Chinese cabbage were developed.
Originally the tubers were long - resembling white carrots, and called neeps - but by the 16th century a round version became more popular; the name then changed to turn-neep. In Scotland when they talk of neeps they are rather confusingly referring to Swedes.
The Central Italians have developed a variety that produces particularly tasty green tops in spring. These they blanch, and finish lightly sweated in olive oil with a little garlic and lemon juice. The tubers being used on a separate occasion. See also "Brassica"