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Vegetables; First cultivation
The earliest vegetables were cultivated in South-East Asia around 7500 -8000 BC, and the taro and yams (both root vegetables) are thought to be the first grown.Both these thrive in wet monsoon conditions, and would grow well in newly cleared, riverside, settlements.
Rice probably followed about 1,000 years later - again in Malaya, Thailand and South-West China - the earliest definite record of its presence in India is about 2,500BC.
In the Guitarrero cave deposits of Peru there is evidence of the use, but not the cultivation, of beans and squashes from about 10,000 and remains of potatoes in the Lake Titicaca region from around 8,000 BC; while in what is now Mexico,
Proof has been found that lentils were grown in the Jericho region around 8,000 BC, and although there were failures, and "economic" vegetables were in the minority, by Roman times vegetables such as asparagus and globe artichokes, cabbages and cauliflower had been developed.