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Brie is probably France's oldest surviving cheese, and can be documented as far back as the 13th century. There was an Anglo-Norman tart called "Tart de Bry" chronicled in England around this period, so cheese from this area was already notorious, but wouldn't have resembled the product we know today.
Louis XV1 is said to have asked for "du vin rouge et du Brie" before his execution; and at the Congress of Vienna in 1814, Tallyrand (a notorious gourmet as well as a long-standing politician) organised a cheese competiyion to relieve the boredom - Brie was unanimously declared "le roi des fromages". See "Brie"; "Brie; Buying and keeping"