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Shiitake/Shitake (Lentinus Edodes)
A dark-brown mushroom, with white gills, which naturally grows on rooting wood in the forests of South East Asia and particularly popular in Japan. They have been cultivated for over 3,000 years in the Far East, but are now also grown in Britain and stocked by most large supermarkets.
The name is derived from the Japanese word 'Shii', meaning wood, and 'take', meaning mushroom.
This have a strong definite flavour, but the stalks can be chewy, and are better removed or used in soup of to flavour stock. They dry well, and are commonly found in this form.