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The surname of the man accredited of introducing the first 'restaurant' to Paris in the mid 1760's (and certainly the derivation of its lasting name). He ran a soup kitchen, but then hung a sign saying "Boulanger débite des restaurants divins" - this translating to 'Boulanger sells divine restoratives'.
Previously to this, French food outlets had been restricted to soup sellers and traiteurs (who were only allowed to sell complete meals on a take-away basis. All this was strictly controlled by the various trade organisations.
Strangely enough, 'restaurants' (or places where customers could eat-in, had existed in London for nearly a century. See "Table d"hote"; "Service a la Russe"