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Candolle, Alphonse de

A French historian who in 1883 pieced together te writings of ancient historians and archaeological evidences to publish L'origine des plantes cultivées. Some twenty-seven crop plants, said de Candolle, were cultivated in the Old World more than 4,000 years ago:

Almonds Mulberries

Apples Olives

Apricots Onions

Aubergines Peaches

Bananas Pears

Barley Quinces

Broad Beans Rice

Cabbage Sorghum

Cucumbers Soybeans

Dates Tea

Figs Turnips

Grapes Watermelon

Mangoes Wheat


Another two dozen species, de Candolle said, were cultivated in the Old World at least 2,000 years ago:

Alfalfa Mustard

Asparagus Nutmeg

Beets Oats

Breadfruit Oranges

Carrots Peas

Celery Pepper

Cherries Plums

Chestnuts Radishes

Grapefruit Rye

Lemons Sugar cane

Lettuce Walnuts

Lime Yams

Some fourteen species were listed as having been cultivated in the Old World (which included Africa and Asia, as well as Europe) for less than 2,000 years.

Artichokes Muskmelons

Buckwheat Okra

Coffee Parsley

Currants Parsnips

Endive Raspberries

Gooseberries Rhubarb

Horseradish Strawberries

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