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Candolle, Alphonse de
A French historian who in 1883 pieced together te writings of ancient historians and archaeological evidences to publish L'origine des plantes cultivées. Some twenty-seven crop plants, said de Candolle, were cultivated in the Old World more than 4,000 years ago:
Broad Beans Rice
Another two dozen species, de Candolle said, were cultivated in the Old World at least 2,000 years ago:
Lemons Sugar cane
Some fourteen species were listed as having been cultivated in the Old World (which included Africa and Asia, as well as Europe) for less than 2,000 years.