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Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum Frutescens)
Originally, a perennial plant native to the tropical regions of Central America, it's now cultivated elsewhere as an annual.
The fruits, or hot peppers, commonly known as chilis/chillis, contain capsaicin, a stimulant that helps to control pain and dissolve blood clots.
The smallest and hottest red peppers are ground-up to form a powdered spice. It is sweet, pungent and very hot. It can be interchanged with Chili powder, but is hotter.