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Chickpea (cicer arietinum)
A round beige-coloured pulse, growing on a low annual plant. Popular in the Middle East, where it is the basis of hummus, in Southern India as a fresh or dried vegetable and also ground into flour, or made into dal. It's also milled into chickpea flour, known in India as 'besan flour' - which is used to make batter for pakora's.
They are sometimes found fresh, in the late winter months, in Indian greengrocers. It is also known as the "Indian Gram" or 'Gram' particularly by Bengalis, "Karbuli Black" and the "Garbanzo bean". See 'Besan flour'; 'Dal'; 'Pakora'